- For the Steel Division: Normandy 44 unit see SD:Tiger E
Tiger E is a German Tank unit in Steel Division II.
The legendary heavy tank of the Third Reich had a long development history. Its origins lie in the Waffenamt's 1935 request for a new tank capable of going against French Char 2C and Char B1 heavy tanks, with the various designs proposed by Henschel, Porsche, and Krupp coalescing into a 54 ton heavy tank bearing the 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 tank gun that entered production in August 1942. The immense weight of the Tiger, a result of the increase in armour ordered after the experiences of Fall Barbarossa and engagements with T-34 and KV-1 tanks, resulted in a design that pushed the limits of German engineering to the breaking point.
The Tiger proved to be a deadly adversary when properly maintained and manned by experienced crews. The combination of a powerful main gun, thick armor, and a powerful engine - Maybach HL 210 P45 650 HP (HL 230 P45 700 HP from the 251st produced) - made it a deadly predator, stalking the battlefields. Fortunately for the Allies and Soviets, the Tiger was prohibitively expensive to construct, with only 1 347 produced before production switched to its younger sibling, the Bengal Tiger, in 1944. . The last 54 Tigers produced in 1944 (before production switched to the Tiger B or Königstiger) were actually refurbished hulls mated to whatever functional turrets and components remained in stock.
The Tiger followed a rather conventional design and has a rather box-like structure instead of sloped armour as was introduced in the Panther. Less effective, the Tiger's armour nonetheless proved to be nigh impervious to most Allied anti-tank fire at the time. When first encountered in Tunisia, 1942, the heavy tank was virtually impervious to British 6-pdrs. This prompted the Allies to introduce more powerful anti-tank weaponry such as the 17-pdr and the 76mm. Its key shortcomings were the lack of sufficiently trained crews, especially as the war progressed, and the high costs of manufacture.
Orders of battle
schwere Panzerabteilung 505 was attached to 5. Panzer at 2/3 strength.
Half of schwere Panzerabteilung 507 detrained at Baranovichi later in the campaign support Gruppe Harteneck.
5 Tiger E from 3. SS-Panzerdivision (Totenkopf)'s 9th company returning from their workshop served with and along side Fallschirm-Panzer "Hermann Göring".
A dozen tigers from schewre Panzerabteilung 504 supported 1. Fallschirmjäger.
A schwere SS-Panzer-Kompanie from SS-schewre Panzerabteilung 104 were attached to SS-Panzer-Brigade "Gross" one of the subunits of Panzerverband Strachwitz
Panzergrenadier "Großdeutschland" in its third abteilung of it Panzer Regiment equipped with Tiger E tanks.
Panzerdivision Tatra's Panzerabteilung Tatra had three Tigers.
Gruppe Hinz which supported 4. Fallschirmjäger has 6 tigers from schwere Panzerabteilung 508